Science 1962 - Jubilee Astronomy, more...

Sat, May 26, 2012 at 6:59 AM By: Light Years

The year 1962 in science and technology involved some significant events.

ASTRONOMY & SPACE EXPLORATION

January 26 - Ranger 3 is launched to study the Moon. The space probe later misses the Moon by 22,000 miles.
February 4–5 - During a new moon and total solar eclipse, an extremely rare grand conjunction of the classical planets occurs, including all five of the naked-eye planets plus the Sun and Moon, all within 16° of each other on the ecliptic.
February 19 - Penumbral lunar eclipse
February 20 - Mercury program: While aboard Friendship 7, John Glenn orbits the Earth three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes, becoming the first American to do so.
April 26 - The Ranger 4 spacecraft crashes into the Moon.
May 24 - Mercury program: Scott Carpenter becomes the second American to orbit the Earth aboard Aurora 7.
July 17 - Penumbral lunar eclipse
July 11 – First live transatlantic television broadcast, from the United States to Britain, via AT&T's Telstar satellite (launched the previous day) and Goonhilly Satellite Earth Station.
July 22 - Mariner program: The Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
July 31 - Annular solar eclipse
August 15 - Penumbral lunar eclipse

COMPUTER SCIENCE

At MIT, Ivan Sutherland uses the TX-2 computer to write Sketchpad, the origin of graphical programs used for computer-aided design.
October - J.C.R. Licklider becomes the first head of the computer research program at ARPA, which he names the Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO).
December - John Mauchly "envisions a time when everyone will carry his own personal computer".

ECOLOGY

Rachel Carson's "Silent Spring" begins serialization in The New Yorker.


MEDICINE

James W. Black synthesises propranolol, the first beta blocker (used for regulation of angina pectoris), which becomes the world's best-selling drug.
Joseph Murray performs the first cadaveric renal transplant.
Nodding disease is first documented, in southern Tanzania.

BUSINESS

Sam Walton opens the first WAL-MART discount store in Arkansas.

ENTERTAINMENT

The Beatles release their first single: "Love Me Do".
The Rolling Stones make their debut in London.
The boozey play "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opens in NYC.
Andy Warhol's Soup Cans premiere in LA.
Marilyn Monroe ODs.

U.S. NEWS

The first Black student admitted to Mississippi U gets a Federal escort to class.
NYC introduces first subway car that operates without a crew on board.
Kennedy orders blockade of Cuba to prevent Soviet missile deployment.
Supreme Court rules that madatory prayers in public schools are unconstitutional.

SOURCES: wikipedia.org, sixties60s.com

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